THE FUEL for Today's Energy Needs
EVERYTHING YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT
What is Hydrogen?
Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, flammable and nontoxic
gas at atmospheric temperatures and pressures. It is the lightest gas known,
being only some seven one hundredths as heavy as air. Hydrogen is present in
the atmosphere, occurring in concentrations of only about 0.01 per cent by
volume at lower altitudes.
Hydrogen burns in air with a pale blue/green, almost invisible flame.
Hydrogen is apparently the most common substance in the universe, because it
has no competitors for the title, except perhaps for helium. It exists mainly in
the interstellar medium, with an average density of 10 atoms or less per cubic
centimetre, and is by no means uniformly distributed. It has no effect on
On the Earth, hydrogen is not very common, existing only in the thin sheet of
water covering 70% of the Earth, as only 0.127% by weight of the lithosphere,
and in the small amount of hydrocarbons and organic matter.
It tends to become more important at very high altitudes, rising to
about 1% of a very, very rare atmosphere. The hydrogen atoms at high altitudes
may be the result of the solar wind, as well as the hydrogen that has diffused
from below, and all this hydrogen is gradually lost, since the Earth's gravity
is not sufficient to retain it.
The hydrogen atom may be considered as a mobile package of an electron and a
proton. Two atoms can easily come
together, since they do not repel one another, and when they do, they find that
it is much more comfortable for the two protons to move close together (to
0.7416 Å) and arrange the electrons around themselves to achieve the minimum
Although atomic hydrogen is very active, diatomic hydrogen is not; it is
quite inert until the molecule is disrupted.
of the Atomic Hydrogen is potentially very important. On going
research is concentrating on the conversion of atomic hydrogen actively
converting to diatomic hydrogen. The process of conversion results
in the creation of additional measurable power. (Mueller and
Frolov) They have quantified the energy cost of conversion from
diatomic hydrogen to atomic and back again. The amount of energy
created in the return to diatomic is resoundingly higher than the energy
put in. FREE ENERGY POTENTIAL!!
are molecules formed of exactly two atoms, of
the same or different chemical elements. The prefix di- means two in
Greek. Diatomic elements
are those that almost exclusively exist
as diatomic molecules, known as homonuclear
diatomic molecules in
their natural elemental state when they are not chemically bonded with
other elements. Examples include H2
Earth's atmosphere is comprised almost completely (99%) of diatomic
molecules which are oxygen (O2
) (21%) and nitrogen (N2
(78%). The remaining 1% is predominantly argon (0.9340%)
A common, approximate, model of a diatomic molecule is that
of a dumbell - that is, each atom is on one end of a spring or
Now this dumbell molecule can only move in a few specific
- It can vibrate such that the atoms oscillate between
getting closer and farther from each other.
- It can rotate or spin about some axis.
The oxygen atom has space for two additional electrons that are easily
supplied by two hydrogen atoms.
both hydrogen and oxygen are flammable, then why doesn't water burn?
Hydrogen and oxygen will burn to form water if in an appropriate mixture. Pure
hydrogen by itself and pure oxygen by itself will not burn (hydrogen needs an
oxidizer and oxygen needs a reductant). Water (H2O) is a stable
chemical component that does not have the characteristics of the elements that
make up its composition (hydrogen and oxygen). This is true of most chemical
The discovery of two apparently different kinds of hydrogen gas that could
interconvert slowly, called orthohydrogen and parahydrogen. The two forms
were chemically and physically identical, except that they differed slightly in
spectra and specific heats. (Ortho-hydrogen molecules have a
parallel spin; para-hydrogen molecules, an anti-parallel spin.) There is no
difference in the chemical properties of these forms, but there is a
difference in physical properties. Para-hydrogen is the form preferred for
rocket fuels. Hydrogen consists of about three parts ortho and one part para
as a gas at room temperature.
The burning of hydrogen with air under appropriate conditions in combustion
engines or gas turbines results in very low or negligible emissions. Trace
hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions, if at all generated, can only result
from the combustion of motor oil in the combustion chamber of internal
combustion engines. Nitrous oxide emissions increase exponentially with
the combustion temperature. As hydrogen offers more possibilities than
other fuels, a distinct reduction in NOx emissions
is possible compared to mineral oil and natural gas, provided that a lower combustion temperature is achieved (e.g. with a high air to fuel ratio).
Particulate and sulfur emissions are completely avoided apart from small
quantities of lubricant remnants. The use of hydrogen in fuel cell propulsion
systems with low temperature fuel cells (Membrane fuel cells: PEMFC) completely
eliminates all polluting emissions. The only by-product resulting
from the generation of electricity from hydrogen and oxygen in the air is de-mineralised
water. Furthermore hydrogen offers the possibility,
depending on production method, to drastically reduce or avoid emissions,
especially carbon dioxide (CO2), in the whole fuel cycle.
The huge advantage that hydrogen has over other fuels is that as a fuel it is
non-polluting, when you combust hydrogen the only product is water. It has
been the fuel used to provide electricity for the space shuttle for the last two
decades via on-board fuel cells that combine hydrogen and oxygen to generate
electricity; the exhaust from the fuel cell – pure water – is used by the crew
as drinking water.
There are many technologies that can be used to
produce hydrogen. Hydrogen is not an energy source, rather an energy vector
or carrier. This means that it has to be produced from one of the primary
energy sources: fossil fuels, nuclear or renewables. The term renewables has
been defined to include solar, wind, biomass, hydro, geothermal and urban
waste resources. All the energy we use, including hydrogen, must be produced
from one of these three primary energy resources.
On earth, hydrogen is found combined with other elements. For example, in
water hydrogen is combined with oxygen. In fossil fuels, it is combined with
carbon as in petroleum, natural gas or coal. The challenge is to separate
hydrogen from other naturally occurring compounds in an efficient and
The cost of hydrogen production is an important issue. Hydrogen produced
by steam reformation costs approximately three times the cost of natural gas
per unit of energy produced. This means that if natural gas costs $6/million
BTU, then hydrogen will be $18/million BTU. Also, producing hydrogen from
electrolysis with electricity at 5 cents/kWh will cost $28/million BTU —
slightly less than two times the cost of hydrogen from natural gas. Note
that the cost of hydrogen production from electricity is a linear function
of electricity costs, so electricity at 10 cents/kWh means that hydrogen
will cost $56/million BTU.
Hydrogen is currently predominantly produced via the catalytic steam
reforming of methane to give hydrogen and carbon monoxide However,
natural gas is not a renewable source of fuel and ultimately contributes to
the worldwide increase in global emissions of carbon dioxide.
Perhaps the most promising method of producing hydrogen is simply by the
electrolytic splitting of water (electrolysis), in which an electric
current is passed through water, decomposing it into hydrogen at the
negatively charged cathode and oxygen at the positive anode. If the
electricity used to split the water is generated from a renewable source
such as solar, wind, biomass, wave, tidal, geothermal or hydropower then
there is the potential to produce hydrogen sustainably in a non-polluting
manner. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) production uses semiconductor
technology in a one-step process that utilizes the energy from sunlight to
produce an electric current which electrolyses water in a single device.
Other methods of renewable hydrogen production include the high temperature
gasification and low-temperature pyrloysis of biomass
(agricultural waste, wood, domestic organic waste). In pyrolysis, biomass
is broken down into highly reactive vapors and a carbonaceous residue, or
char. The vapors can then be steam reformed to produce
hydrogen. There is also considerable interest in the photobiological
production of hydrogen by microbes.
Hydrogen does not occur free in nature; it is so "elemental" that is easily
combines with just about everything. It can be made by "re-forming"
natural gas or another fossil fuel, or by using electricity to split
("electrolyze") water into its components of oxygen and hydrogen. In this sense,
hydrogen is like electricity: the energy to generate it can be obtained from
sources ranging from the burning of high-sulfur coal to pollution-free
photovoltaic cells (solar cells).
Hydrogen does not occur uncombined on Earth. The only practical source of
hydrogen is water (and, perhaps biomass). Ultimately, even the hydrogen in hydrocarbons and organic
matter came from water.
Energy is required to separate the hydrogen from water,
and when the hydrogen is subsequently burned, less energy is obtained than was
consumed to produce the hydrogen. Some say, "On the Earth, hydrogen is not an energy
source, only a means of storing and transporting energy." If appears that
this statement is based solely on economics. If, for instance, there was
very little or no cost in producing hydrogen, hydrogen becomes a valuable source
of energy. To elaborate. If the cost and energy of drilling an oil
well were higher; say, at or above the energy obtained from the oil itself, one
would possibly be tempted to say that "oil is not an energy source, only a means
of storage and transporting energy." So we keep trying to find an inexpensively way to "mine"
Hydrogen Gas "Town Gas" Once Lit up
America in the 1800's and early 1900's
In towns and cities all across America, lamplighters once lit gas street
lights at dusk. Inside middle class homes, gas lamps provided light while gas
heaters provided warmth. The gas that fueled the lights and furnaces of an
earlier America was not the natural gas of today, but a hydrogen-rich mixture
called "town gas."
Unknown to most people today there are over 700 miles of hydrogen pipeline in
the U.S., Germany and England right now! This is small compared to natural gas
systems, but it is important to note that there are hydrogen pipelines in
operation today that deliver gas to the user without incident.
The cheapest way to produce hydrogen is as water gas. Coke is burned in air
to bring it to red heat. Then the air is shut off and steam is blown into the
reactor. The reaction is C + H2O → CO + H2. The
water gas, enriched somewhat with hydrocarbons, was supplied as town gas for
heating purposes in most cities until natural gas became available.
This is one of the cheapest ways to make hydrogen, and it will be noticed
that not only does is require a good deal more energy than will be recovered by
burning the hydrogen, but also produces CO2.
Hydrogen can be burned in a torch with air or oxygen. An air-hydrogen torch
flame reaches 2045°C, while an oxyhydrogen flame reaches 2660°C. Flame
temperatures are subject to considerable uncertainty, and depend on the mixture
used. The hydrogen flame contains no carbon, and so is invisible.
Most of the proposed uses of hydrogen, however, produce heat by burning it in
oxygen. This may be done in an open flame, in an internal-combustion engine, in
a gas turbine, or fuel cell. The basic reaction is H2 + (1/2)O2
→ H2O + Q.
Hydrogen has 3.106796 times the BTU's as gasoline per pound. Assuming the car has a 12 gallon gas tank, an
equivalent load of h2 would be
about 3.4 lbs instead of 26 lbs. Logically this should mean that you
need only 1/3 the amount of hydrogen per pound than gasoline to have the same
BTUs. Unfortunately, hydrogen is quite light (see above), a pound of
hydrogen is quite a large sized container. So, effectively one would have
to either pressurize the hydrogen to get enough of it on the vehicle to have
practical driving distance or (another solution being actively worked on) would
be to generate the hydrogen on board as you were driving.
Hydrogen, by far the most abundant element in the universe and one of the
most abundant on earth can be found in many different materials including water,
natural gas and biomass. In its molecular form hydrogen can be used
directly as a fuel to drive a vehicle, to heat water or indirectly to produce
electricity for industrial, transport and domestic use. The huge advantage
that hydrogen has over other fuels is that as a fuel it is non-polluting, when
you combust hydrogen the only product is water.
The Hindenburg fabric covering (questions) were raised when he learned that a
cellulose nitrate (gun powder) dope with powdered aluminum (a fuel) was used on the Hindenburg. Furthermore, a hydrogen flame is almost
invisible in day light, it burns a light blue. We know from many eye witness
accounts as well as actual photographs, that the flames were red and orange.
The burning of fossil fuel causes pollution, which causes millions to suffer
from lung, respiratory, and allergic reactions, also radiation from nuclear
power plants. Hydrogen would eliminate all of these problems.
hydrogen, when produced efficiently to its full potential, is able to compete
with oil in a global market, at a fraction of the price. Hydrogen truly is the
perfect fuel, the fuel that may save us in Iraq, the fuel that brought us to the
moon, the fuel that will save us from our own destruction, the fuel that will
guide us through the twenty-first century and beyond, for as long as the sun
continues to shine, and there is someone willing to reap its treasure.
The following is excerpted from Roy McAlister's book, "The Solar Hydrogen
If Vehicles Use Hydrogen, City Streets will be Flooded with
Water from their Tail Pipes (a Myth)
This objection to progress is based on the accurate observation that hydrogen
produces water when it is burned in an engine or used in a fuel cell. And
the erroneous conclusion that substituting hydrogen for gasoline would cause
city streets to be flooded with water condensed from the tail pipes of cars that
Actually, using renewable hydrogen greatly reduces the net amount of water
compared to the volume that is released by burning gasoline. And, please
note there are even larger benefits for the Solar Hydrogen Civilization.
Gasoline is composed of approximately one thousand different molecular types
that have an average carbon to hydrogen ratio of 2.25:1 as in octane or C8H18.
One gallon of gasoline weighs about 6.4 pounds; therefore as summarized in
equation (114 lbs +400 lbs - 352 lbs + 162 lbs), combustion of 6.4 pounds of
gasoline produces about 19.76 pounds of carbon dioxide and 9.09 pounds of water.
One gallon of water weighs about 8.33 pounds; therefore burning one gallon of
gasoline produces more than a gallon of water which passes out of the tail pipe,
usually in vaporous form.
Water produced by burning fossil fuels that were stored in deep geological
formations for 60 to 600 million years is being added to the Earth's surface
inventory of water at the rate equivalent to about 190 million barrels per day.
Much of this additional water is exhausted from vehicles that use fossil fuels
as they are driven on city streets. On cool days you can see carbonic acid
that forms as carbon dioxide is absorbed into the water that drips from the tail
pipes of vehicles that use gasoline. Burning one gallon of fossil gasoline
produces more than one gallon of condensable water from the exhaust.
Renewable Hydrogen Makes Zero Water Addition:
In comparison, consider the use of renewable hydrogen in vehicles and for
electric power production. Replacing one gallon of gasoline will be
accomplished by two pounds of hydrogen, which can be produced from 18 pounds of
water. Burning the renewable hydrogen in an automobile or some other
energy conversion operation will return the 18 pounds of water that was used to
produce it. The net effect is zero water addition because the same amount
of water that sourced the hydrogen is released when it is combusted or utilized
in a hydrogen fuel cell.
(from the Solar Hydrogen Civilization, by Roy McAlister; p 173.)
Electrolysis of water is an electrolytic
process which decomposes water into oxygen and hydrogen gas with the aid of an
electric current, where a power source from a 6 volt battery is commonly used.
The electrolysis cell consists of two electrodes (usually an inert metal such as
platinum) submerged in an electrolyte and connected to opposite poles of a
source of direct current.
In chemistry, a metal is an element that readily forms positive ions (cations)
and has metallic bonds. Metals are sometimes described as a lattice of positive
ions surrounded by a cloud of delocalized electrons.
An electrolyte is a substance containing free ions which behaves as an
electrically conductive medium. Because they generally consist of ions in
solution, electrolytes are also known as ionic solutions.
Direct current (DC or "continuous current") is the
constant flow of electrons from low to high potential. This is typically in a
conductor such as a wire, but can also be through semiconductors, insulators, or
even through a vacuum as in electron or ion beams. In direct current, the
electric charges flow in the same direction, distinguishing it from alternating
In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a method of separating
bonded elements and compounds by passing an electric current through them.
An ionic compound is dissolved with an appropriate solvent, or otherwise
melted by heat, so that its ions are available in the liquid. An electrical
current is applied between a pair of inert electrodes immersed in the liquid.
The negatively charged electrode is called the cathode, and the positively
charged one the anode.
The energy required to separate the ions, and cause them to gather at the
respective electrodes, is provided by an electrical power supply. At the probes,
electrons are absorbed or released by the ions, forming a collection of the
desired element or compound.
In electrolysis, the anode is the positive electrode, meaning it has a
deficit of electrons; species in contact with the anode can be stripped of
electrons (i.e., they are oxidized). The cathode is the negative electrode,
meaning it has a surplus of electrons.
When electricity is passed through an liquid solution of an ion or an
electrolyte, a chemical reaction called electrolysis occurs. When
electricity flows, chemical changes happen. For example, lets take a solution of
sodium chloride. At the positive electrode, the anode, oxidation occurs
as electrons are pulled from negatively charged chloride ions. At the negative
electrode, the cathode, reduction occurs as electrons are added to
positively charged sodium ions. Remember the anode is where oxidation occurs
(remember "an ox"). The cathode is where reduction occurs (remember "red cat").
A higher current flow (amperage) through the cell means it will be passing
more electrons through it at any given time. This means a faster rate of
reduction at the cathode and a faster rate of oxidation at the anode.
A higher potential difference (voltage) applied to the cell means the cathode
will have more energy to bring about reduction, and the anode will have more
energy to bring about oxidation. Higher potential difference enables the
electrolytic cell to oxidize and reduce energetically more "difficult"
compounds. This can drastically change what products will form in a given
experiment. On a practical level, both current and voltage determine what will
form in a cell.
Electrolysis of an aqueous solution of table salt (NaCl, or
sodium chloride) produces aqueous
sodium hydroxide and
chlorine, although usually only in minute amounts. NaCl(aq) can be
reliably electrolysed to produce hydrogen. In order to produce chlorine
commercially, molten sodium chloride is electrolysed to produce sodium
metal and chlorine gas. These will react violently, so a
mercury cell is used to ensure they do not come into contact with
High-temperature electrolysis (also HTE or steam
electrolysis) is a method currently being investigated for the
production of hydrogen from water with oxygen as a by-product. High
temperature electrolysis is more efficient than traditional
room-temperature electrolysis because some of the energy is supplied as
heat, which is cheaper than electricity, and because the electrolysis
reaction is more efficient at higher temperatures. In fact, at 2500°C,
electrical input is unnecessary because water breaks down to hydrogen
and oxygen through thermolysis. Such temperatures are impractical;
proposed HTE systems operate at 100 to 850°C.
By whatever method one uses water electroysis results in the separation into
Hydroxide and hydrogen ions. OH− and H+
Hydroxide is a polyatomic ion consisting of oxygen and hydrogen:
It has a charge of −1. Hydroxide is one of the simplest of the
As pure water conducts electricity very poorly, a water-soluble electrolyte
must be added to the electrolysis cell to close the circuit. The electrolyte
dissolves and disassociates into cations and anions (positive and negative ions)
that carry the current. Electrolytes are normally acids, bases, or salts.
An acid (often represented by the generic formula HA) is
traditionally considered any chemical compound that when dissolved in water,
gives a solution with a pH of less than 7. An acid as a compound which donates a
hydrogen ion (H+) to another compound (called a base). Common
examples include acetic acid (in vinegar) and sulfuric acid (used in car
batteries). Acids generally taste sour; however, tasting acids, particularly
concentrated acids, can be dangerous and is not recommended.
A strong base
is a basic chemical compound that is able to
deprotonate very weak acids in an acid-base reaction. The strength of a
base is indicated by its
value, compounds with a pKb
of more than about 13 are called strong bases. Common examples of strong
bases are the hydroxides of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals like
NaOH and Ca(OH)2
. In water strong bases form hydroxyl ions
), either by complete dissociation through solvation
(metal hydroxides) or by chemical reaction with water (e.g. NaH and LDA).
Strong base Ionisers
(Strongest to weakest)
Extremely Strong Base Ionisers
In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of cations
(positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is
neutral (without a net charge). These component ions can be inorganic (Cl−)
as well as organic (CH3COO−) and monoatomic (F−)
as well as polyatomic ions (SO42−); they are formed when
acids and bases react.
When salts are dissolved in water, they are called electrolytes, and are able
to conduct electricity, a property that is shared with molten salts.
This reaction is simple to replicate. Two leads running from the terminals of
a battery into a cup of water and electrolyte is sufficient to produce a visible
stream of oxygen or hydrogen bubbles at either electrode. The presence of
hydroxide (OH-) ions can be detected with a pH indicator such as
phenolphthalein or Bromothymol blue.
The energy efficiency of water electrolysis varies widely. Some report
50–70%, while others report 80–94% These values refer only to the efficiency of
converting electrical energy into hydrogen's chemical energy. The energy lost in
generating the electricity is not included. For instance, when considering a
power plant that converts the heat of nuclear reactions into hydrogen via
electrolysis, the total efficiency is more like 25–40%.
The chemical equation for electrolysis is:
energy (electricity) + 2 H2O
-> O2 + 2 H2 .
At the cathode (the negative electrode), there is a
negative charge created by the battery. This means that there is an electrical
pressure to push electrons into the water at this end. At the anode (the
positive electrode), there is a positive charge, so that electrode would like to
absorb electrons. But the water isn't a very good conductor. Instead, in order
for there to be a flow of charge all the way around the circuit, water molecules
near the cathode are split up into a positively charged hydrogen ion, which is
symbolized as H+.
This hydrogen atom meets another hydrogen atom and
forms a hydrogen gas molecule:
H + H -> H2,
and this molecule bubbles to the surface, and wa-la!
We have hydrogen gas!
Hydrogen has many practical uses, for example, you can easily convert any
combustion engine to run on hydrogen. Hydrogen can be used as a cooking fuel,
to heat your home, drive your car, and mow your lawn. Hydrogen can run your
generator and run the electricity for your home. With the addition of a fuel
cell, hydrogen can be turned back to electricity to run your computer, your
lights. It can be used in place of electricity, in place of gasoline, and in
place or propane or natural gas. It can be used to suit all the world’s
power needs. Unlike with so many things, which only the rich more developed
countries, can afford. Hydrogen can power any country where the sun shines.
What do I do with it once I have it? Burn it!! or Use it to create
electricity (fuel cell). Do we need to wait for the professionals to
invent the ideal fuel cell?
Most environmentalists, let alone ordinary citizens don’t even realize the
extent to which hydrogen can go in solving our most pressing issues, pollution
and global warming, just to name a couple. The air that comes out of the exhaust
pipe of a combustion engine running off hydrogen is cleaner than it was when it
went in, called “minus emissions.” Engine oil remains clean for a extended
period of time, because there is no sulfur or carbon compounds to degrade the
oil. Engines using hydrogen will last much longer and start faster in any
weather. Existing cars could be converted to run on hydrogen, in fact
introducing a small amount of hydrogen two to five percent into internal
combustion engines that currently run off gasoline, diesel, or natural gas
increases the efficiency, improves gas, mileage and reduces pollutants quite
Why don't we replace our natural gas and propane with hydrogen? We have
two options if we're thinking along these lines:
- Combine our hydrogen with our natural gas or
propane and use all of our appliances exactly as they are, no modification of
appliances or piping is necessary.
- We can also modify our appliances to burn only hydrogen.
This would mean that you can't burn the natural gas or propane any more.
(A psychological jump, requiring a commitment.) But the appliances will
burn hydrogen with just a few modifications and we'd be freed from the grip of
the grid, and truly self reliant. (Again, remember this is not a new idea.
Historically, it just got won over by the natural gas, gasoline, oil idea.)
What "generators" are available?
Remember the burning coke, steam idea? Cheap but polluting.
electrolysis? How many different ways are there?
How many different toxic fumes must I endure? (Refer to above in
description of acids, electrolyzers and bases.)
What is a
Galvanic Hydrogen Generator?
Should I consider purchasing one?
A Galvanic Hydrogen Generator is a reverse fuel
cell. Magnesium aluminum cells are placed in this
tank along with seawater. The hydrogen gas
bubbles to the top of the tank and the tank starts
to get warm. This reaction corrodes the magnesium
anodes and releases the hydrogen gas. These tanks
can be made to accommodate any fuel requirement.
The heat can be used to heat water by a heat
exchanger and the excess hydrogen gas can be
burned in just about any open-air burner or
Requires no electricity to operate.
This system will save natural gas by heating
water without a boiler.
Carbon emissions will be greatly reduced.
Placing the Hydrogen Generator outdoors in the
summer months will capture solar heat that will
also reduce natural gas costs and carbon
The system has only one moving part and
requires 30 minutes a week to replenish the
Interested? After you've made the initial
cash outlay of $500+ for the "generator", you'll need to purchase the
magnesium aluminum cells from your dealer. The
price of these cells are cheap!! (At least
they are now, but no guarantee for the future!!)
So, you see this is NOT a GENERATOR at all!
It's an extractor. Leaving you waiting for the
"milkman" for your next order.
What about a little thing we call "sustainability"? Do we need another
dependency in our future? How about "make it yourself", for yourself?
I have personally made the decision to purchase a Hydrogen Generator
(electrolysis, with solid polymer and silicon redunctant which requires only
distilled, de-ionized water). This generator uses about 2 amperes of
electricity at 110 volts. It puts out about 200cc of hydrogen per minute. My project is an experiment in determining
exactly how much hydrogen my household requires on a daily basis and how much
hydrogen can I produce from my solar panels on a daily basis.
My hope is to achieve total sustainability. The hydrogen generated will
produce enough to supply gas to my house (all the appliances, including the
refrigerator) and enough for run my vehicles (converted to run on pure hydrogen
or hydrogen boosted hydrocarbons) and for my backup generator which has also
been converted to run on pure hydrogen or hydrogen boosted propane.
This project has taken a considerable period of time to actually put into
operation. Only now have I connected my Hydrogen Generator to my house
Solar Panel Electrical System. Now, at last, I will see this in operation
and be able to determine the economics and feasibility. Does the actual
production from my H2 Generator produce enough to sustain my home in the long
haul? Will my storage tanks be adequate to hole the H2 production?
These are questions I hope to find the answers to shortly.